What do Speech and Language therapists do?

By Wellness Hub

Last Updated: September 23, 2023

Speech and language development is essential to a child’s overall growth and well-being. However, some children may experience difficulties developing these skills, significantly impacting their communication ability. This is where speech and language therapists play a vital role. Speech and language therapy is governed internationally by the International Association of Communication Science and Disorders.

Understanding Speech and Language Disorders:

Speech and language disorders encompass a wide range of difficulties affecting a child’s communication ability. These disorders manifest in several ways, including articulation and phonological disorders, language delays, stuttering, and voice disorders. Speech and language therapists are highly trained in assessing, diagnosing, and treating these disorders.

The Role of Speech and Language Therapists

Speech and language therapists work with children of all ages, from infants to teenagers, experiencing communication difficulties. Our primary goal is to help children develop practical communication skills, enabling them to express themselves, understand others, and engage in social interactions. Let’s delve into the specific tasks and responsibilities of these therapists

speech and language therapy

1. Assessment and Diagnosis:

Therapists conduct comprehensive speech assessments to identify a child’s specific communication challenges. They use standardized tests, informal observations, and interviews with parents and caregivers to gather relevant information. This evaluation helps therapists create personalized treatment plans tailored to each child’s needs.

2. Creating Treatment Plans

Speech and language therapists develop individualized treatment plans based on the assessment results. These plans outline specific goals and objectives to address the child’s areas of difficulty. The therapy goals may focus on improving speech articulation, expanding vocabulary, enhancing grammar and sentence structure, enhancing social communication skills, or addressing specific disorders such as stuttering or voice disorders.

3. Therapy Sessions

Therapists conduct regular sessions to work directly with the child. These sessions employ various techniques and activities to target the specific goals outlined in the treatment plan. Therapy sessions can be conducted one-on-one, in small groups, or even in a classroom setting, depending on the child’s needs and the therapist’s recommendations.

4. Language and Communication Enhancement

Speech and language therapists utilize evidence-based techniques to enhance language and communication skills in children. They incorporate activities that promote vocabulary development, sentence formation, comprehension, and storytelling. Additionally, they may use visual aids, play-based activities, and technology-assisted interventions to engage children and facilitate their progress.

5. Articulation and Phonological Training

Therapists employ techniques to improve speech sound production for children with articulation and phonological disorders. These may include tongue and lip exercises, modeling correct articulation, and providing auditory feedback. Therapists work closely with children to help them accurately pronounce sounds, words, and sentences.

6. Fluency and Stuttering Intervention

Children who stutter require specialized interventions to enhance their fluency and reduce disfluencies. Speech and language therapists employ controlled fluency, breathing exercises, relaxation techniques, and speech modification approaches to help children develop smoother and more fluent speech patterns.

7. Voice Therapy

Children with voice disorders characterized by abnormal pitch, loudness, or voice quality can benefit from voice therapy. Speech and language therapists provide exercises to improve vocal hygiene, vocal cord function, and vocal resonance. They may also guide proper voice projection and vocal techniques to minimize strain and prevent vocal cord damage.

8. Social Communication Skills:

Speech and language therapists play a crucial role in improving children’s social communication skills. They help children understand non-verbal cues, interpret social situations, engage in turn-taking, and develop appropriate conversational skills. Therapists often collaborate with parents, teachers, and other professionals to create supportive environments that encourage effective communication and social interaction.

When is speech therapy performed?

Speech therapy is performed based on individuals with communication disorders’ specific needs and circumstances. The timing and frequency of speech therapy sessions depend on various factors, including the age of the individual, the severity and nature of the communication disorder, and the recommendations of the speech and language therapist (SLT) or healthcare professional involved. Here, we’ll elaborate on when speech therapy is commonly performed in different contexts:

performing  speech therapy

1. Early Intervention:

For infants and young children, early intervention is crucial. Speech therapy may begin as early as a few months old if there are concerns about their communication development. The early intervention identifies and addresses delays or difficulties in speech, language, and overall communication skills. It typically involves working closely with parents and caregivers to provide strategies and techniques that can be integrated into the child’s daily routines and activities.

2. School-Age Children:

Speech therapy is often provided to school-age children who experience challenges in speech production, language comprehension, and expression, fluency (such as stuttering), voice quality, or social communication skills. These sessions may be conducted within the school setting by our SLT’s or as part of a collaborative effort between the school and external therapy providers. The frequency and duration of therapy sessions can vary depending on the severity of the disorder and the child’s needs. In some cases, therapy may be integrated into the child’s academic schedule, while in others, it may occur outside school hours.

speech therapy for school age children

3. Adolescents and Adults:

Speech therapy is not limited to children, as adolescents and adults may also require intervention for communication disorders. Common reasons for seeking therapy in this age group include articulation difficulties, language disorders, voice disorders, fluency disorders, and communication challenges resulting from neurological conditions, strokes, or traumatic brain injuries. Therapy sessions may be conducted in various settings, such as clinics, hospitals, rehabilitation centers, or private practices. The frequency and duration of therapy will be determined by the individual’s needs, goals, and the recommendations of the SLT.

4. Post-Surgical or Medical Intervention:

Speech therapy may be recommended after surgeries or medical interventions that affect speech, language, or swallowing. For example, individuals undergoing cleft palate repair or laryngeal surgery may benefit from therapy to optimize speech production and voice quality. Additionally, individuals with swallowing difficulties (dysphagia) may require therapy to regain safe and efficient swallowing function. The timing and duration of therapy in these cases will depend on the specific medical situation and the treatment professionals’ recommendations.

It’s important to note that the frequency and duration of speech therapy sessions can vary widely and are individualized to each person’s needs. Some individuals may require more intensive therapy sessions multiple times weekly, while others may benefit from less frequent sessions. The progress made during therapy is regularly assessed, and adjustments to the treatment plan are made as needed.


At Wellness Hub, Speech and language therapists are dedicated professionals who significantly impact children’s communication abilities. Our expertise, assessment techniques, personalized treatment plans, and evidence-based interventions help children overcome speech and language difficulties. As we prioritize comprehensive wellness, we invite you to explore the services of these dedicated professionals, knowing that they are an essential part of what makes Wellness Hub a trusted and valuable resource for your well-being journey.